The use of photos on websites and in other online/hard copy publications can pose direct and indirect risks to children. The Church only has responsibility for safeguarding and the use of photography if it plans to use the photographs for Church purposes. Photographs taken at events organised by family and schools such as Communions, weddings or Confirmations do not fall under the responsibility of the Church, unless they are being taken for Church purposes.
Risks to children
Even if the child’s personal identity (full name, address) is kept confidential, other details accompanying the photo can make them identifiable and therefore vulnerable to individuals who may seek to groom children for abuse. There is also a risk that the photo itself will be used inappropriately by others. Photos can easily be copied and adapted, perhaps to create images of child abuse, which can then find their way on to other websites.
How to minimise risks
- Establish the type of images that appropriately represent the activity and think carefully about any images showing children on the Church website or publication;
- Never supply the full name(s) of the child or children along with the image(s);
- Only use images of children in suitable dress and focused on the activity, rather than one particular child;
- Obtain permission: the permission of parents/guardians and children should always be sought when using an image of a child. Parents/guardians should be aware of the Church’s policy on using children’s images and of the way these represent the Church or activity. This must be recorded on a joint consent form for use of images of children. The child’s permission to use their image must also be recorded if they are under eighteen years of age. This ensures that they are aware of the way the image is to be used to represent the activity (S4.12)
The Church often employs photographers for certain sacramental or Church activities. When using a photographer, it is important to do the following:
- Provide a clear brief about what is considered appropriate in terms of content and behaviour;
- Ascertain if the photographer requires vetting and, if they do, put them through the process;
- Provide the photographer with a form of identification that must be worn at all times;
- Do not allow unsupervised access to children or one-to-one photo sessions at events;
- Do not allow photo sessions to take place away from the event, for instance, at a child’s home;
- Inform parents/guardians and children that a photographer will be in attendance, and ensure that they consent to both the taking and publication of photos or films;
- Seek confirmation on the extent of any publications that will made by the photographer after the event.
If parents/guardians and parishioners are intending to photograph or video at an organised event, they should also be made aware of what is permitted and what is not.
Responding to concerns
Children and parents/guardians should be informed that if they have any concerns regarding inappropriate or intrusive photography, these should be reported to the Church to ensure that any reported concerns are dealt with in the same way as any other child protection or child safeguarding issue.